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Classic French Onion Soup

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Ooh la la.

This homemade classic French onion soup recipe is hard to beat. Rich in both color, texture, and flavor, this French onion soup epitomizes everything a hearty, indulgent soup can be.

classic French onion soup crocks

How to Make This Classic French Onion Soup Recipe

A classic French onion soup is not hard. Nor are many ingredients involved. The main elements are 1) time, and 2) the quality of ingredients.

  1. Lots of onions get cooked down until they are caramelized so much they’re practically liquefied.
  2. Then, the pot gets deglazed with wine and stock is added to make a rich, deep brown broth.
  3. Top with toasted baguette, Comté or Gruyère cheese, and broil until bubbly.

ingredients for French onion soup cheese baguette thyme onion

What makes French onion soup French? The history of French onion soup

French onion soup, called soupe à l’oignon gratinée in French, originated centuries ago. According to competing legends, the soup was invented in 18th century France, either at the court of Louis VX or at the Palme d’Or restaurant. The food blog Carlsbad Cravings details the legends of French onion soup a little bit more.

Today, the soup is considered a good hangover cure in France, and is beloved not only in France, but worldwide.

sliced onions in soup pot with thyme and butter

Caramelization vs. Browning: How to Caramelize Onions for French Onion Soup

The magic of French onion soup lies in the true caramelization of the onions. That’s caramelization, mind you. Not browning. There is a difference between caramelization and browning.

Browning is a protein reaction. Here, it would mean letting the onions sear on the pot bottom, gaining color that way through a Maillard reaction.

sliced caramelized onions in pot for french onion soup
A good homemade French onion soup requires slowly caramelizing the onions until melty and brown, but never burnt.

Caramelization, on the other hand, involves sugar — not protein. Here, that means a low and slow cooking down process, whereby the onions brown not because the pot singed that color on, but because the slow cooking process breaks down the natural sugars.

Take your time and get those onions truly caramelized. The caramelizing process should take about 40 to 45 minutes. The soup’s flavor will thank you.

deeply caramelized onions on spoon
Onions after deglazing the pot three times and cooking further. No stock has been added at this point. The color is from the onions alone.

What Wine Pairs Best With Classic French Onion Soup?

Let’s talk about the all-important wine pairing. (We are channeling France, after all.) French onion soup is warm and rich, so it wants a zippy, berry-forward counterpoint to cut through the heaviness.

  • For a red wine, a high acidity/low alcohol red pairs perfectly, especially a nice Beaujolais, or other Gamay, according to Wine Spectator. An Italian Dolcetto or French pinot noir could also work.
  • White wine is especially good with French onion soup. Choose a pinot gris, Viognier, or Gewürztraminer.

crock of French onion soup with baguette and melted cheese

What Thickens French Onion Soup?

French onion soup should not be too “brothy.” Rather, a truly classic French onion soup  should be silky, in the direction of an onion stew. The natural onion soup thickness comes from correctly reducing the liquid and the onions, with the added help from the baguette as it soaks into the soup.

What type of onions are best for French onion soup?

I always use standard yellow onions for French onion soup. They hold up well, are not overly sweet, and are not expensive or hard to find.

Classic French Onion Soup Recipe Notes

Some other homemade French onion soup recipe notes:

  • The onions are not really done until they have reduced down to the world’s most delicious sludge. See the photos above.
  • Everyone’s onions will be a little different, so I hesitate to give exact salt quantities, or specify an amount of sugar. Sugar can deepen the flavor of the onions if yours are not already naturally sweet enough from the caramelization, but can be easily overdone.

French onion soup in crocks getting layered with baguette and cheese

How to Serve This Onion Soup Family Style

You don’t have to buy special French onion soup crocks (or alternatively, ramekins) to make this. You can serve this French onion soup family style. Here’s how:

  • When the soup is completed except for the baguette and cheese, transfer it to an oven-safe sauté pan with sufficiently high sides, or even a casserole
  • Layer baguette slices and the cheese over the entire top. Broil and serve.

crock of French onion soup with baguette and melted cheese

Feeling French? You’ll also like these French-style recipes:

crock of classic French onion soup with baguette and melted cheese

Classic French Onion Soup

Deeply caramelized onions swimming in rich broth, topped with bread and cheese make this homemade, classic French onion soup recipe better than any restaurant version.
Prep Time20 minutes
Cook Time2 hours 15 minutes
Course: dinner, lunch
Cuisine: French
Keywords:: cheese, classic french onion soup recipe, comfort food, dinner, fall, French, french onion soup, onion, soup, winter
Servings: 4 people


  • 3 pounds yellow onions (about 6 medium)
  • 3 tablespoons butter
  • large pinch sugar (optional)
  • 2 teaspoons kosher salt, or to taste
  • 1 cup dry white wine
  • 1 quart (4 cups) unsalted chicken stock
  • 3 cups cold water
  • 2 bay leaves
  • 5 sprigs fresh thyme

To Finish

  • 2 cups (8 ounces) freshly-grated Gruyère of Comté cheese
  • 1/2 baguette, sliced 1/2" thick, maybe a little less


For the Soup

  • Peel, cut in half through the root end, and thinly slice the onions.
  • Heat the butter in a wide-bottomed pot over medium-low heat. Add the onions, thyme, bay leaves, and 1 teaspoon of salt. Cover the pot and reduce the heat to low.
    Cook, stirring often, until the onions have turned extremely soft and a deep golden brown, about 45 to 50 minutes.
    Tip: Stir often. You want the onions to caramelize, not brown or burn. Adjust the heat as necessary.
  • Remove the lid shortly before the onions have finished cooking, to evaporate the liquid. The bottom and low sides of the pot should form a deep brown crust.
  • Raise the heat to medium. Deglaze the pot with the white wine, scraping the brown bits and stirring. Let the liquid fully evaporate so that the pot forms another brown crust. Deglaze the pot with 1 cup of water, stirring and scraping as above until the liquid evaporates. Repeat with 1 more cup of water.
    PRO TIP: Why not just dump three cups of liquid all at once and let it evaporate? Because this way, you are building three times the rich brown caramelization that forms on the pot.
  • At this point, the onions should look chestnut brown and soft to the point of being the world's most delicious sludge pile. Add the quart of chicken stock and 1 cup of water. Bring to a boil, then lower the heat and let simmer, partially covered, for about 30 minutes. Stir occasionally.
  • While the soup simmers, place four French onion soup crocks on a rimmed baking sheet. Grate the cheese and toast two baguette slices per crock. Set aside.
  • Taste the soup for seasoning. It should be fairly thick. Adjust with a large pinch of sugar if necessary, and an additional teaspoon of salt or so.

To Finish

  • Preheat the broiler and position the rack about 7" from the top of the oven. Spoon the soup into the crocks, leaving a little space from the rim. Lay a slice or two of baguette over the soup, and generously top with cheese.
  • Place the soup under the broiler until melted and bubbly and lightly browned on top, about 3 or 4 minutes. (Keep an eye on it!) Let rest for 2 minutes before serving. The top of the crocks are extremely hot, so take care.


Deeply caramelized onions swimming in rich broth, topped with bread and cheese make this homemade, classic French onion soup recipe better than any restaurant version. 
Take your time caramelizing the onions. Low and slow is the way to go for that sweet, silky result.


  • 3 stars
    I doubled the recipe and have been trying to Carmelita for about 2 hours so far. What am I doing wrong?

    • Unpeeled

      All those onions will take a lot longer to cook, especially if they are crowded in the same size pan and layered high. It’s possible that your burner was a little too low as well. Be sure to use a larger pan, stir often, and give it a little more time. I hope it worked out.

  • 5 stars
    A true French onion soup recipe. Those onions do take time, but really made the soup flavor very good and almost sweet.

  • Wendy P.

    5 stars
    Whew–those caramelized onions are definitely a labor of love, but we loved the result. Very authentic, classic French onion soup.

  • 5 stars
    I made this last year and will make again. The onion flavor was wonderful. It does take a while, but worth it.

  • jennifer p.

    5 stars
    “restaurant quality,” as my spouse said.

  • 5 stars
    Silky, cheesy, great depth of flavor.

  • 5 stars
    Excellent flavor and recipe. It takes a while to do those onions!!! But worth it 🙂

  • Michelle

    4 stars
    I made this recipe today, it was hearty and delicious. The French Onion Soup will be a great addition to my soup recipes collection since I always have lots of onions on hand.

    • Unpeeled

      Thanks for the note, and glad you enjoyed it! You’re right; this is a great way to use onions — I always tend to have lots around also (sometimes too many!). Have a great rest of your week.

  • Another great soup receipt Lisa I made onion soup day we had snowstorm it was delicious .. especially with the cheese you recommended .. I look forward to each and every receive from you …

    • Unpeeled

      Thank you so much, Carol!! I am so glad you liked it. What a perfect meal to make on a cold, snowy day 🙂

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