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Buckingham Palace’s Royal English Scones

Treat yourself like royalty.

This official royal English scones recipe, enjoyed by the Queen of England herself, is (as you would expect) delicious. Here is the official Buckingham Palace scone recipe, adapted for home kitchens. Buttery, just sweet enough, and the perfect companion to your cup of afternoon tea or coronation watching. 

platter of English Royal scones with tea and jam

The Queen’s Own English Scones Recipe

The only thing better than a good cup of tea is a good cup of tea paired with a perfect scone. And if you are going to bake scones, why not bake the very best? In case you are not invited to royal tea at the palace this week, you now have this very official, very royal English scones recipe.

English food does not exactly enjoy a positive reputation. But there is an exception to every rule, and Buckingham Palace’s English scones are it. These are British scones, which are different from an American scone. Traditional British scones use less butter, and have a round shape.

scone dough on marble countertop
Gather the scone dough on a clean work surface before lightly kneading until smooth.

The Story of the Royal English Scones Recipe

In May 2020, perhaps because we all needed a bright spring boost to our Covid lockdowns, the Palace released the recipe for the official English scones enjoyed by the royal family and its guests. They even did an instagram video about it. According to the palace:

Every year at Garden Parties across The Royal Residences, over 27,000 cups of tea, 20,000 sandwiches and 20,000 slices of cakes are consumed! The Royal Pastry Chefs are happy to share their recipe for fruit scones, which traditionally would be served at Buckingham Palace every summer.

scone dough being cut out on countertop
Use a two-inch round cutter to cut the scones. You can gather the scrap, re-roll once, and get about two more scones from that.

How to Make the Official Royal English Scones Recipe

The Buckingham Palace royal scones recipe is surprisingly basic.

Scone Recipe Ingredients:

The recipe makes simple buttermilk scone with butter and leavening, folded with sultanas. (“Sultanas” are British for golden raisins, FYI.)

The scones are just as good without raisins, in case fruit scones are not to your taste, or you would like to divide the recipe into both types.

To make these scones, you will need the following ingredients:

  • All-purpose flour
  • Baking powder
  • Salt
  • Butter
  • Sugar
  • Eggs
  • Buttermilk
  • Sultanas or golden raisins (optional)

Here are the main steps to making Queen Elizabeth’s favorite scone recipe:

  1. Mix the dry ingredients — the flour, baking powder, and pinch of salt — with the cold, cubed butter and sugar in a large bowl. Work the butter into the dough a bit, as you would pie dough, with your fingers or a pastry cutter.
  2. Separately, whisk two eggs and the buttermilk together in a small mixing bowl. Stir the liquid into the buttery crumb flour mixture. Add the raisins, if using, and mix until evenly distributed. Knead by hand just until smooth.
  3. Flatten the dough to a 1” thickness and cover. Leave to rest for 30 to 45 minutes in the refrigerator.
  4. Cut to the desired shape using a round biscuit cutter. I prefer a 2-inch cutter, which is the standard width for tea scones.
  5. Preheat the oven to 400°F. Cover and rest the scones for another 20 minutes in the fridge. Egg wash the top of the scones.
  6. Bake at 400°F on a prepared baking sheet lightly greased or lined with parchment paper for around 12 to 15 minutes, until light golden brown. Transfer to a wire rack to cool. A wire rack allows air to circulate on the bottom of the scones, so they do not get soggy from steam.
  7. Serve your English scones very fresh, warm or at room temperature, with jam and clotted cream. I prefer strawberry jam, but other flavors will be just fine.
British Royal English Scones on baking sheet
Freshly-baked English scones on a baking sheet, ready to serve with strawberry jam.

Baking Tips for Making the Queen’s English Scone Recipe

There are good scones, and there are great scones. A scone fit for royalty (and thus, us) should be:

  • Tender, not tough or bready
  • Moist, not dry or crumbly
  • Not too sweet, and
  • Hold together well and not fall apart when you spread jam and clotted cream on top

platter of Royal English scones with tea and strawberry jam

What’s the secret to making good scones?

To check all these boxes, you need a good recipe (check!) and the right technique. Here are the secrets to making good scones — what to do, and what not to do, technique-wise.

  • DO NOT overmix the scone dough. Kneading the dough too much will make it tough and bready because it develops gluten. As soon as the scone dough looks smooth, stop.
  • DO check your bake. The scone bottoms will look light golden brown and feel hollow when tapped. Because of their small size, scones overbake and become dry easily, so be sure to get it right.
  • If using the golden raisins, soak them in warm water for at least 20 minutes, then drain before adding to the dough. This prevents them from absorbing moisture from the scone dough.

Notes on Adapting the Royal English Tea Scones Recipe

The original recipe, as written, was very vague on some small points, and definitely presumes a certain level of baking experience. So I have added a bit more detail, and converted the recipe to American-friendly volume measurements from metric. But other than adding a smidge more buttermilk because the original recipe seemed a little dry, the recipe and technique is exactly the same, and you’ll be able to enjoy a lovely cream tea.

Additionally, I am fairly certain that the original recipe was written for a convection oven, which would be normal in a professional kitchen. The temperature, as written, was way too low for a standard oven for the amount of time listed. So I have adjusted the temperature and time for a conventional oven, not convection.

Most importantly, enjoy your royal English scones with, what else? A lovely hot cuppa English tea. Afternoon tea never felt so special.

platter of Buckingham Palace Royal English scones with tea and jam

You will also love these British-inspired recipes:

platter of Buckingham Palace royal English scone recipe with tea and jam

Buckingham Palace Royal English Scones

British royalty's official English scone recipe, because you deserve nothing but the very best.
Ed. note: If the recipe temperatures and quantities seem a little odd, don't worry. It's because the recipe was converted precisely from European measurements and temperatures.
Prep Time20 minutes
Cook Time12 minutes
Resting Time50 minutes
Course: brunch, Snack, tea
Cuisine: english
Keywords:: baking, biscuits, Buckingham Palace, coronation, easy, english, royal, scones, tea
Servings: 12 to 14 scones, depending on cutter size
Author: Adapted from Buckingham Palace
Print Recipe


  • 3 1/2 cups all-purpose flour (500g)
  • 2 tablespoons plus 2 teaspoons baking powder (28g)
  • Pinch of salt
  • 7 tablespoons cold, unsalted butter, cut into small pieces (94g)
  • 1/2 cup sugar (86g)
  • 3 eggs, divided
  • 3/4 cup buttermilk, less 1 tablespoon (175ml)
  • 2/3 cup sultanas or golden raisins, optional (100g)


  • If using, soak the raisins in hot water for 30 minutes. Drain before adding to the recipe.
    PRO TIP: Why soak the raisins? Two reasons. One, it softens them, which tastes better in the finished recipe than a hard, tough little raisin. Secondly, it helps keep the scone dough moist. Raisins naturally want to rehydrate. By letting them soften I water, the hard raisins pull moisture from water, not the scone dough.
  • Mix the dry ingredients (flour, baking powder, pinch of salt), butter and sugar together in a large bowl until crumbly. Work the butter into the dough a bit, as you would pie dough.
  • In a separate small mixing bowl, whisk two eggs and the buttermilk together. Stir the liquid into the crumb mixture. Add the raisins, if using, and mix until evenly distributed. Continue to gently knead the dough by hand just until smooth.
    PRO TIP: Do not overmix or knead the scones, as this could make the scones a bit tough and bready instead of tender.
  • Remove the dough from the bowl onto a clean countertop lightly dusted with flour. Lightly dust the top of the scones with flour. Flatten the dough to a 1” thickness and cover. Leave to rest for 30 to 45 minutes in the refrigerator. Resting the dough allows the gluten to relax. This helps achieve a tender, flaky scone.
    PRO TIP: You could simply use the palm of your hand to flatten the dough. But I suggest a rolling pin for a more even result. Roll from the center out, and rotate the dough as you go to prevent sticking.
  • Remove the dough from the refrigerator and cut to the desired shape using a round biscuit cutter.
    (Note: I used standard 2-inch and 2 1/4-inch round cutters. The original recipe did not specify, but this is standard. If you use a 2-inch cutter, I suggest making the height a little shorter.) 
  • Preheat the oven to 400°F (205°C). Cover and rest the scones for another 20 minutes in the fridge. Whisk the third egg and gently egg wash the top of the scones with a pastry brush.
    PRO TIP: If you do not have a pastry brush, just use your fingers. 
  • Bake on baking sheets for around 12 to 15 minutes, give or take depending on your cutter size, or until light golden brown. Leave at least 1 1/2" of space between each scone. Cool on a wire rack before serving warm or at room temperature with jam and clotted cream.
    PRO TIP: These will bake best if you bake them one sheet at a time, or at least rotate the baking sheets top to bottom, front to back halfway. If you have a convection setting on your oven, adjust the temperature to 375°F (190°C) and bake for about 10 to 12 minutes.


This English buttermilk scone recipe was adapted very carefully from the official Buckingham Palace recipe.
That said, if you would like to simplify things a bit, my effort-saving trick here is to roll the scones out and cut them with the biscuit cutter at the same time, instead of two separate chillings. Place the scones on prepared baking sheets, cover, then let them rest in the fridge for a full hour to hour and a half. Then just egg wash them and pop them in the oven. 
These English scones can be rolled, cut, and frozen in advance in an airtight container, such as a freezer bag. Just freeze the scones on a baking sheet first before putting the scones in the airtight container into the freezer, so they keep their shape and don't smush.
You can bake frozen scones exactly as you would chilled scones, directly from frozen. They may just take an additional minute to bake.


  • Neelam Chi

    Thank you so very much for this fantastic recipe! I’ve often made scones according to various recipes including the one from School Home Economics but they were always rather dry, hard and boring. Your recipe, in particular with your adjustments for home baking, however, are just perfect! Thank you so much for sharing this recipe! I’ll never be baking them any other way than like this! I’d give you 10 stars if I could!

    • Unpeeled

      Hi, Neelam! I am so glad that you enjoyed this recipe, and thanks for this fabulous comment! Don’t you just love a good homemade scone? Thanks again for writing.

  • Edwin Sanchez

    I have an oven that has convection feature as well. Could please you list the original recipe that uses convection as well.
    Thank you


  • 5 stars
    My daughter gave me this recipe to try as I am an avid baker. Turned out very well and will be making these for the upcoming coronation.

  • 5 stars
    will make again and thank you.

  • D. Elliott

    5 stars
    Came out perfectly! I used a 2-inch cutter and did the shortcut and rolled them, cut, then chilled before baking instead of chilling them twice. They were lovely. Thank you.

  • Trudy Weller

    5 stars
    I enjoyed making these for afternoon tea with a neighbor I had over last week. I did half raisin and half plain and they came out just right. Thank you for the recipe!

  • Greta E.

    5 stars
    Excellent scones fit for royalty–and me! hah. Thank you for this and for “translating” it into American measurements/temperatures.

  • Elizabeth

    5 stars
    Prepared these wonderful scones.( I did not have buttermilk on hand so I used whole milk with Orangejuice. )
    Hosted a Ladies Afternoon Tea served the Scones and I will say that were truly well received. … friends from England. Excellent recipe

    • Hi Elizabeth,

      Whole milk and orange juice sounds genius! May I ask, how much of each did you use?

    • Unpeeled

      So glad to hear this, Elizabeth! Thank you for writing.

  • Robyn in Oz

    5 stars
    I’m looking forward to trying this version of the ubiquitous scone recipe. Thank you for publishing it.
    My father is a master scone maker. He learned his craft in the orphanage he grew up in in the 1940s/50s.
    I have tried for decades to emulate his amazing scones. I have watched him closely over those years to see what he does that gives him the lightest, fluffiest scones compared to my hockey pucks.
    A friend helped me work it out : he has cold hands, which is the requirement for rubbing butter into flour.
    His recipe would never be made in a bowl, just on a very clean bench, flour and salt sifted onto the bench, butter in small cubes rubbed in, a well made for the milk, knead the dough, roll it out (he used a glass milk bottle for a rolling pin). His scones would be rolled out around 1/2 inch, and then onto a baking tray, close together. His would rise to about 1-1/2to 2 inches. They’d be just divine.
    And regarding Sultanas v Raisins : sultanas are quite moist in their own right, whereas raisins seem to me to be drier.

    • Unpeeled

      What a wonderful comment. Thank you for sharing this. I do find the art of a good scone comes down so much to technique–specifically, not overworking the dough–and temperature. That butter has to be cold! And in pastry school, they often recommended that we even chill our flour. I hope you enjoy the scones, and thank you again.

      • Oh, thank you for the idea on chilling the flour!! That’s a great idea!! I am teaching a little kids cooking class and we won’t have time to chill the dough, but if the flour is pre-chilled it might not be a problem. Thanks again, Lisa.

        • Unpeeled

          Always happy to help–especially with baking questions!

  • I played around wth the recipe: used oatmilk with a splash of lemon juice and added a spoonful of creamcheese for volume. I always add a bit of salt and I halved the amount of sugar. together
    with combining self raising flour with spelt flour and raisins wth cranberries. The amount of baking powder is indeed way too much… I used 1 tsp and added 1 tsp of baking soda as well. The scones came out great & very tasty! Thx for the recipe!

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